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Abstract


The Effects of Movement Training Applied for 16 Weeks to the Physical Fitness Levels of Children with Intellectual Disability
Intellectual disability can be expressed as the defect that occurs in people's mental development and function. Therefore this handicap should be accepted by the society and it should be known that it is a social problem, instead of an individual one. The aim of this research was to determine the effects of movement training applied for 16 weeks to the physical fitness in children with intellectual disability. 30 volunteer, moderate mentally disabled male children have joined to the study. They have been divided into two random groups as group A (15 children) participating in non-play movement training, and group B (15 children) participating in movement training with games. The measurements included the age, height, weight, right and left hand grip strength, anaerobic power, throwing the stuffed ball, VO2max, 30 m sprint and long jump parameters. Comparing the results of the preliminary test values of the two groups; significant differences in the scale of p<0.05 were found in parameters of length, long jump and flexibility. By comparison of the results of the last test values for both groups, also significant differences in the scale of p<0.05 were found in parameters of weight, long jump and VO2max. By comparing the results of the pre-test and post-test values of group A, significant differences in the value of p<0.01 were found in parameters of right hand grip, left hand grip, long jump, anaerobic power, VO2max, 30 m sprint and flexibility. By comparing the results of the pre-test and post-test values of group B, significant differences in the value of p<0.01 were found in parameters of left hand grip, long jump, anaerobic power, VO2max, 30 m sprint and flexibility. Even when they have some kind of disability, they are still required to take regular and programmed movement trainings. Because mentally disabled children's attention spans are short, and learning abilities are low, movement training programs, do not just improve physical fitness of these children, but also improve their ability to learn and to be more aware of their surroundings. Activities and exercise programs don't cause much of a change in the mental level of mentally disabled children, but they do contribute to the development of adaptive behavior, which holds an important place in the social integration of these children.

Keywords
Intellectual Disability, Training, Physical Fitness


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